With 2016 looming on the horizon, some of you may already be bookmarking and downloading motivational pictures and quotes for the new year.

We remember the excitement of having a brand new backpack full of brand new notebooks, pens, and highlighters. (And don’t even get us started about three-ring binders with dividers and labeled Pee Chee folders.)

Good luck on your new school year! May you learn from the mistakes of the past year and build upon its successes.

With that idea in mind, we suggest that you avoid making the following grammar, spelling, and usage errors. English and writing teachers absolutely hate them.


SHOULD OF, WOULD OF, COULD OF

Undoubtedly, whenever teachers see “could of,” “should of,” and “would of,” they have the following reactions:

“Could of,” “should of,” and “would of,” are all wrong. 🙅

Some of you might be thinking that we left something out: “might of.

We didn’t include it because “might of isn’t necessarily wrong: The might of Zeus is seemingly greater than that of Krillin.

Of course, in a sentence such as “I might of won the trophy if I had practiced harder,” “might of” is absolutely wrong. It should be “might have” (or “might’ve”).

If you make these mistakes often, an easy way to avoid them is to always use “could have,” “should have,” “would have,” and “might have” — instead of using their contractions. After all, many teachers and editors frown upon the use of contractions anyway.


USING I.E. INSTEAD OF E.G. (AND VICE VERSA)

There are four important points to consider regarding e.g. and i.e.:

  1. They are not the same thing, nor can they be used interchangeably.
  2. You should never add “etc.” after either one.
  3. They don’t need to be italicized.
  4. You should put a comma after e.g. and i.e.
E.G..png
I.E..jpeg

In case you’re wondering, e.g. is short for exempli gratia; i.e. is short for id est. They’re both from Latin.


ANYWAYS

In spoken English, we get away with using anyways all the time. Why? Most of us don’t have the grammar police correcting every little mistake we make in conversational English. And because no one corrects us, we assume that it’s right.

Anyway is considered standard: “Emma laughed at his dumb joke anyway.

Anyways is considered an informal variant of anyway. It should only be used in informal conversations. Get into the habit of using anyway even in your text messages, tweets, and Facebook and Tumblr posts.

To summarize,


If you can avoid making these mistakes in 2016, you’ll look and feel more like left than right: